COMPLETE FABRICATION

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01b. Wood Snap Wall

My goal for the press fit project one was to re-create a plastic snap fitting out of plywood. A snap fitting, like those found on backpacks and duffel bags, allows these objects to be opened, closed, and reconfigured repeatedly. On the other hand, many traditionally press-fit designs constructed from plywood fit together snuggly to eliminate the need for additional fasteners. Operating between these two extremes, I sought to develop a plywood component that could realistically be disassembled without struggling to pry it apart.

Common plastic snap fittings.

-MDF Prototype 01

Series of MDF prototypes

During my initial round of prototyping, I designed a series of MDF snap fittings. Each component consisted of a snap end and a receiver end, which could be utilized to created a chain of fittings. I experimented with a few different notch types, to test different types of springy-ness, but the amount of material left was still too thick to allow the arms to flex. I also ended up making the notches too long, so the head of the snap fitting slid right through anyways, not needing to be flexed at all [sort of a success, maybe…?]

MDF snap fittings forming a chain.

Receiving slot equal width as snap fitting head. Good for regular press fittings, bad for snap fittings.

The arms of the snap fittings were too wide to flex, so I cut them down manually on the band saw. The side with the curved cut still wouldn’t flex, and the side with the angled notch cut broke the first time that I flexed it. It was clear that there needed to be a ratio established between the thickness of the arm and its length. I decided to lengthen the arm in order to keep in thick enough where it wouldn’t break.

Flex test.

Flex test result: Snappage.

-MDF Prototype 02

The second MDF Prototype had lengthened arms, but rather than making them straight, as with the previous version, I designed them in a spiral. Doing so made the component more compact and reduced the rotational moment around the previous stress point. Each snap fitting consisted of two spirals that opposed each other. They were spaced apart using a linear member that also locked their centers in place, allowing their notched ends to flex controllably. The ends of the snap fittings slid through a slotted opening, and locked into place at either end. The pinwheel-type arrangement of holes that I placed at the corners of the peg slots did not proved as useful as I had hoped. Their geometry allowed the pegs to rotate and become loose because their corners were not locked into place.

Prototype showing springs, slot connector, and linear spacer.

Pinwheel type connection caused too much rotation in pin.

I revised the pin connection to be of an opposed dog-bone type, this yielded a really snug fit that held the spirals in place nicely. When milling the spirals this time, there was so much vibration that the end mill really chewed up one of them.

-Plywood Prototypes

I moved into plywood and recreated my final MDF prototype. All peg holes were made 0.46″ x 0.75″ in order to accommodate the 1/2″ nominally thick plywood. I ran the toolpath of the spiral as an engraving along a single line instead of a profile cut on two lines, cutting the milling time in half. I also angled out the pin holes to pre-load the springs.

Pre-loaded.

Locked.

I thought that if these components could be pairs together, they might be able to form a sort of screen. I arranged them in a few different ways before redesigned the linear connection member to zig zag between different sets of components.

Different spiral arrangements.

I used a screw to secure to center of the spirals when i was milling but the screws would sometimes vibrate loose. Thats when the Techno-Isel CNC turned into the cookie monster [see left spiral]

 

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4.196 Special Problems in Architectural Design Complete Fabrications Nick Gelpi Mon-Fri, Jan 5-7, 10-11, 13-14, 18, 20-21, 24-25, 27-28, 01-04:00pm, 3-402/7-432studio, 1st mtg Wed 1/5 Pre-register on WebSIS and attend first class. No listeners Prereq: Permission of instructor ; Yr-1 MArch students who have completed 4.123 only Level: H 9 units Standard A - F Grading Can be repeated for credit Lab Fee: 150 A comprehensive introduction to methods of “making” explored through a wide range of brief but focused exercises. Skills = developing complex geometries from flat components; fine-tuning press fit construction, molding and casting, and making repeatable molds for customization. A two-part workshop, the first half will contextualize contemporary tools and techniques within the trajectories of historical case studies of building, combined with hands on familiarization of tools. The second half will implement the tools of our workshop in the context of Design. Working on group design build process for three MIT 150 FAST installations, students will test and influencing designs through the instrumentality of production. These hands-on design build projects are intended to produce reciprocity between skills and design, making more complete the problems of fabrication. Subject limited to year-one MArch students who have completed core-1 studio. Contact: Nick Gelpi, 9-224, 253-9415, ngelpi@mit.edu -

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